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Barrios J, Crossley K, Davis I (2010). Gait retraining to reduce the knee adduction

    moment through real-time visual feedback of dynamic knee alignment. Journal of

    Biomech, 43(11):2208-2213.

Bishop, M, Fiolkowski, P, Corad, B, Brunt, D and Horodyski, M (2006).  Athletic

    footwear, leg stiffness and running kinematics.  Journal of Athletic Training 41(4)

    387-392. (pdf)

Brüggemann, G-P, Potthast, W, Niehoff, A, Braunstein, B and Assheuer, J. (2005).

    Adaptation of morphology and function of the intrinsic foot and shank muscles to

    mechanical loading induced through footwear. A. Subic, S. Ujihashi (eds). The

    Impact of Technology on Sport. ASTA (Australasian Sports Technology Alliance

    Pty Ltd). Melbourne, Australia, 505-510.

Crowell P, Davis I (2011). Gait Retraining to Reduce Lower Extremity Loading in

    Runners. Clin. Biomech.26(1): 78-83.

Davis IS and Powers, CM. Patellofemoral pain syndrome: Local, distal and proximal

    factors: Consensus statement from the 2009 International Research Retreat. J.

    Orthop. Sports Phys. Ther. 2010;3: 40(3):A1-16.

Davis, I, Bowser, B and Mullineau, D (2010).  Do Impacts Cause Running Injuries? A

    Prospective Investigation. Presented at the American Society of Biomechanics

    Mtg., Providence, RI, August,.

Ferris DP, Liang K and Farley CT (1999) Runners adjust leg stiffness for their first

    step on a new running surface. Journal of Biomechanics, 32:787-794.

Ferris DP, Louie M and Farley CT (1998) Running in the real world: adjusting leg

    stiffness for 265:989-994 (cover).

Fortney, V. (1983).  The kinematics and kinetics of the running pattern of two-, four-

    and six-year old children.  Research Quarterly, 54(2):1126-135

Hasegawa, H. (2007).  Footstrike patterns of runners at the 15-km point of an elite   

    half-marathon.  Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 21(3):888-893.

Lieberman, DE, Daoud, AI, Werbel, WA, Venkadesan, M, D’Andrea,S, Davis, IS,

    Mang’Eni, RO, Pitsiladis, Y (2010). Foot Strike Patterns and Impact Transient

    Forces in Habitually Barefoot versus Shod Runners. Nature, 463:531-535

McNitt-Gray, J.L., Yokoi, T., & Millward, C. (1994). Landing strategies used by

    gymnasts ondifferent landing surfaces, Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 10(3


Milner, C, Davis I (2007).  Are knee mechanics during early stance related to tibial

    stress fractures in runners? Clin Biom 22(6):697-703.

Milner, CE, Davis, IS, Ferber, R, Pollard, CD & Hamill, J (2006).  Biomechanical

    factors associated with tibial stress fractures in female runners. Med Sci Sport and  

    Ex. 38, 323-328. (pdf)

Noehren B and Davis I (2007). Prospective study of the biomechanical factors

    associated with patellofemoral pain. Proceedings of the American Society of

    Biomechanics Annual Meeting, Presented in Palo Alta, CA.

Noehren B, Scholz J, Davis I (2010). The effect of real-time gait retraining on hip

    kinematics, pain and function in subjects with patellofemoral pain syndrome. Br J

    Sports Med.. Epub ahead of print.

Noehren, B, Davis, I, and Hamill, J (2007) A prospective study of the biomechanical

    factors associated with iliotibial band syndrome. Clinical Biomechanics Award

    Winner 2006. Clinical Biomechanics 22:951-956

Pohl, M, Mullineaux, D, Milner, C, Hamill, J and Davis, I (2008). Biomechanical

    predictors of retrospective tibial stress fractures in runners. Journal of

    Biomechanics 41:1160-1165.

Pohl, MB, Hamill, J and Davis, IS. (2009). Biomechanical and anatomical factors

    associated with a history of plantar fasciitis in female runners. Clinical Journal of

    Sports Medicine, 19(5):372-376. (pdf)

Robbins, SE and Hnna, AM. (1987).  Running-related injury prevention through

    barefoot adaptations.  Medicine and Sports in Science and Exercise 19(2):148-156


Rose, W, Bowser, B, McGrath, R, Salerno, J, Wallace, J, and Davis, I. (2010).  Effect

    of footwear on balance.  Presented at the American Society of Biomechanics Mtg,

    Long Beach, CA.

Shinowara, J and Gribble, P. (2009).  Five toed socks decrease static postural control

    among healthy individuals as measured with time-to-boundary analysis. Presented at the American Society of Biomechanics Mtg., State College, PA. (pdf)

Souza, RB, Powers CM. (2009). Differences in hip kinematics, muscle strength, and

    muscle activation between subjects with and without patellofemoral pain. J. Orthop.

    Sp. Phys. Ther. 39(1):12-19.

Stewart, SF (1972) Footgear--its history, uses and abuses.  Clinical Orthopedics and


van Gent B, Siem GD, Middelkoop M, van Os T, Bierma-Zeinstra S, Koes B (2007).

    Incidence and determinants of lower extremity running injuries in long distance

    runners: A systematic review. Br J Sports Med. 41(8):469-80.

Williams, DS, McClay, IS, & Manal, KT. (2000) Mechanics of Runners with a

    Converted Forefoot Strike Pattern. Journal of Applied Biomechanics 16(2)210-218.

Willson J, Kernozek,T, Arndt, Reznichek D, Straker S. (2011). Gluteal muscle

    activation during running in females with and without patellofemoral pain syndrome.

    Clin. Biomech. 7:735-740.

Willson JD, Davis IS. (2008) Lower extremity mechanics of females with and without

    patellofemoral pain across activities with progressively greater task demands. Clin

    Biomech. 23(2):203-11.

Willson JD, Davis IS (2009) Lower extremity strength and mechanics during jumping

    in women with patellofemoral pain. J Sport Rehabil. 18:76-90.

Willy RW, Davis IS (2008). Instrumented comparison of overground and treadmill

    running in healthy individuals. American College of Sports Medicine Annual

    Meeting. Indianapolis, IN

Willy RW, Davis IS (2011). Sex differences in the mechanics of patellofemoral pain

    syndrome.  International Patellofemoral Pain Retreat. Ghent, Belgium. September


Willy RW, Davis IS (2011). The Effect of a Hip Strengthening Program on Mechanics

    during Running and during a Single Leg Squatting.J Orthop Phys Ther.;


Willy RW, Davis IS. (2011). The effects of mirror gait retraining on running mechanics

    and pain in females with patellofemoral pain syndrome. International

    Patellofemoral Pain Retreat. Ghent, Belgium. September 1-3rd.

Zadpoor, AA and Nikooyan, AA (2010).  The relationship between lower extremity

    fractures and ground reaction force: A systematic review. Clinical

    Biomechanics, 26:23-28.

Minimal Footwear RecommendationsClinic_-_Supporting_Research_files/minimal_footwear.pdf
Our PhilosophyClinic_-_Our_Philosophy.htmlClinic_-_Our_Philosophy.htmlshapeimage_5_link_0
Transitioning Tips and ExercisesClinic_-_Supporting_Research_files/SNRC_training-transitioning_tips_and_basic_program.pdf